Nitrogen-nutrient-reduction septic systems are environmentally friendly septic systems because they treat the water to such a high degree. Nitrogen-nutrient-reduction septic systems are ideally suited for environmentally sensitive areas. Nitrogen-nutrient-reduction septic systems are high performance aerobic treatment-drip irrigation systems that qualify for reduced setbacks to surface water, wet retention ponds and ditches and swales. These systems also allow for an increase in the authorized flow. An increase in authorized flow is required when the estimated sewage flow is greater than what is authorized by DEP and DOH. The authorized flow is dependent upon the acreae and whether the site is served by city water or a private well. This relates to being able to build a BIGGER home on a SMALLER lot.
Nitrogen-nutrient-reduction septic systems have the drip line installed relatively shallow in the soil profile. Plant roots take up the wastewater and the remaining nutrients and use it for the growth process of the plant. A good amount of water is also lost directly through evaporation into the air. Very little, if any, wastewater percolates down into the groundwater. Almost all of the wastewater in a conventional septic system moves down through the soil and into the groundwater table. This can lead to contamination of the groundwater which eventually recharges our aquifer.
Why is nitrogen and nutrient removal important? Various forms on nitrogen are known to have adverse effects on our health. Nitrogen and other nutrients in the wastewater can also affect ecosystems such as lakes and oceans. In Florida, there is a rising concern for the health of our natural springs. Although onsite-systems consistitute a small part of the overall nitrogen problem, it is necessary, and relatively easy, to reduce the total-nitrogen emitted from septic-systems to affect the long term health of our springs and waterways.